More than five new tech startups launched every hour in 2019, contributing to a record 681,704 new business formations over the year – a 2.8% increase from 2018. These are some of the findings of the Centre for Entrepreneurs’ sixth annual analysis of Companies House data.
“It is encouraging that despite a politically turbulent year in which business confidence hit new lows, business formations continued to set records,” said Matt Smith, director of policy and research at the Centre for Entrepreneurs. “It suggests that entrepreneurial spirit is well and truly embedded across the UK with entrepreneurs continuing to turn their ideas into action”.
Over 45,000 tech startups were launched across the UK in 2019, representing 6.6% of all new businesses. 17,401 of these were registered in London (8.2% of total), while tech startups comprised 28% of all new businesses launched in Bournemouth, Poole and Christchurch. Tech startups were also highly represented in Brighton and Hove (15%), Winchester (12.8%) and Cambridge (12.5%).
This insight is possible for the first time as a result of the Centre’s novel analysis of industry classification codes that describe the nature of each business. Companies were launched in over 700 different industries, as varied as raising of llamas and alpacas (10 new businesses), credit bureaus (23), driving schools (429) and repair of watches and jewelry (141).
As evidence of the impact that food delivery startups and street food are having, 14,363 new take-away food shops and mobile food stands registered in 2019, greatly outnumbering both licensed restaurants (9,405) and unlicensed restaurants and cafes (7,182). Ten new wine producers, 314 brewing companies, and 347 distillery businesses also launched in the year.
London continues to dominate; business formations increased by 2.4% to 221,373. While Birmingham continues to outperform Manchester in absolute terms (14,509 vs 9,064), the latter is more entrepreneurial when considering population size. This is not the case in Scotland, where Glasgow retains an absolute and per capita lead against Edinburgh.
Formation agents and virtual offices continue to distort London and other inner-city locations; Companies Made Simple provided registered office services in Hackney to circa 16,000 new businesses last year, with 1st Formations behind circa 12,900 formations in Camden. Meanwhile, contractor accounting firms influence numbers in several towns; Quickstep Contracting Services is behind circa 4,000 of the total 5,522 businesses launched in Bromsgrove last year.
“Formation agents and contractor accounting firms will always have a distortionary effect in a handful of areas,” said Smith. “But overall, these figures bring to life the entrepreneurial drive that is evident all over the UK”.
Strong figures relative to population size in Cheshire East, Salford, Trafford and Stockport also set the North West ahead of its Northern Powerhouse counterparts, leaving the North East and Northern Ireland alongside Wales, Scotland and the South West as the five least entrepreneurial areas of the country.
“While the Northern Powerhouse has the opportunity to significantly boost entrepreneur-led growth across northern regions, the government must not forget that there remain regional imbalances in the South West too”, said Friederike Andres, lead researcher at the Centre for Entrepreneurs.